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Spine Surgery in Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Spine/Spinal Surgery in India - An Overview

The world over, historically, spine surgeries have been carried out by neurosurgeons or orthopaedic surgeons, depending on the exact nature of the spine procedure. The faculty of spine surgery came about far later, with the increasing number and sophistication of spine surgeries which called for this distinct specialisation. While in India, spine/spinal surgeries have been performed for a very long time, the first formal association of spine surgeons was set up in 1983.

Today, basic spine/spinal surgery in India is performed at over 2000 hospitals in India. The more complex and sophisticated procedures such as, microscopic spine surgery in India is performed in at least 500 multi-faculty spine/spinal surgery hospitals and super speciality hospitals in India. At top end spine/spinal surgery hospitals in India, the object of treatment is no longer the mere saving of life; treatment now aims to preserve function, reduce pain, shorten the length of stay in hospital and speed up the return back to normal life. Significant developments in neuro anaesthesia, neurosurgical intensive care and imaging technologies have all helped to radically improve the outcomes of spine/spinal surgeries in India and also significantly reduce cost of spine/spinal surgery in India.

Back problems are one of the most common reasons to see a doctor. Approximately 80% of people will experience back pain during their lifetime. Fortunately, for the vast majority of these people the pain will subside naturally without the need for surgery.

However, for those with chronic conditions surgery may be an option.

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to correct problems with the small bones of the spine (vertebrae). It is essentially a "welding" process. The basic idea is to fuse together the painful vertebrae so that they heal into a single, solid bone.

Spine surgery is usually recommended only when your doctor can pinpoint the source of your pain. To do this, your doctor may use imaging tests, such as x-rays, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.

Dr. Anil Mittal at Mittal Nursing Home, Ludhiana is is one of the leading spine surgeons in Punjab, India today.

Spine Treatment /Procedures Offered in India:

Spine surgeons in India treat the complete range of spine disorders: Scoliosis, Spine Deformities, Spina Bifida, Spinal Deformities, Disc Problems of the Neck and Back, Spinal Stenosis, Spine Fractures, Sciatica, etc. Please contact us to learn more about:

Spine Decompression Surgery in India

This is a surgery that is performed to relieve pressure on the nerve roots caused by a herniated spine disc, by a spinal tumour, etc. The surgeon may opt to do this procedure either in the traditional form as laminectomy procedure or use microsurgical instrumentation to perform a minimally invasive procedure. Once the cause of the pain is removed surgically, the patient would experience relief from the symptoms.

Spine Fusion Surgery in India

Stability of the spine can be affected on account of infection, trauma or subsequent to surgery for the removal of spine tumour mass. To correct the situation, the spine surgeon will perform a spine fusion surgery in which bone grafts are obtained from the patient's hip. This bone graft will over a period of time bond the affected spinal vertebra with the other vertebrae on either side. Stability of the spine is achieved once there is fusion of the vertebrae, which takes place over a period of time with the growth of bone tissue across the vertebrae. As this natural fusion will take time to happen, the surgeon will provide immediate stability to the spine by fixing spinal instrumentation (implants made of special metals) to link the vertebrae.

Discectomy Surgery in India

During this procedure, the spine surgeon removes the central section of the herniated spine disc. A herniated spine disc impinges on the spinal cord, thus causing pain. With the surgical removal of the affected tissue, pain relief is obtained. This surgery can be performed either as an open surgery or as a minimally invasive surgery.

Spine Disc Replacement Surgery in India

The replacement of worn out spine discs with an artificial implant is now a viable alternative to the traditional method of treatment which involved spinal fusion surgery. Degenerative spine disease leads to the wearing out of the discs in the spine. With new technology, durable artificial discs have provided a very safe and reliable alternative, which is being widely accepted the world over.

Endoscopic Spine Discectomy Surgery in India

As an alternative to open surgery discectomy, spine surgeons in India now offer a minimally invasive technique - an endoscope is inserted through a small incision in the affected area. The probe is navigated to the affected spinal disc region using intra-operative imaging techniques. Once the diseased area has been accessed, the surgeon would use microsurgical instruments to excise the affected tissue, restore a prolapsed disc to its original position, etc

Scoliosis Spine Surgery in India

Patients suffering from scoliosis display an abnormal spine curvature. Surgical correction is warranted when the curvature exceeds 40. The surgery will involve spinal fusion technique and may also require bone grafting to be done. The spine fusion will involve the use of special spine instruments. The curvature is corrected by using metallic rods, hooks and screws. The surgery will result in correction of the abnormality to the extent of 50%.

Surgery for Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida is a defect that is present in infants at birth. The spine displays a cleft of the backbone, exposing the internal tissue. In some cases there is a spinal cord involvement as well. During corrective surgery, the surgeon would first graft muscles and skin harvested from the patient. He would then close the opening over the spinal cord. Subsequent to this surgical closure of the cleft spine, some patients who suffer from a tethered spinal cord or hydrocephalus (a condition in which this excessive pressure within the brain, caused by a fluid buildup) will require further treatment.

Spine Tumour Surgery in India

Tumours of the spine can cause pain if they are compressing the nerve roots or the spinal cord. In such cases the tumour will have to be surgically removed. Surgery planning will be based on the MRI. The surgeon would target to excise the tumour entirely, while at the same time maintaining the integrity of the spine structure. Thanks to intra-surgery imaging, the surgeon will be able to verify during the procedure itself, whether the tumour has been completely removed. Using microsurgical instruments, the surgeon would be able to remove the tumour with sufficient margin, such that collateral damage to, or removal of, healthy tissue is minimised. Nevertheless, in some cases, it will not be possible to completely remove the tumour. These patients may require other modalities of treatment, like radiotherapy, to complete the treatment.

Microscopic Spine Surgeries in India

With the advent of modern imaging technology, neuro navigation and microsurgical instrumentation several spine surgeries that required large incisions and open surgeries can now be done as minimally invasive procedures. These microscopic spine surgeries require extremely small sized incisions, cause minimal internal tissue damage, require minimal hospital stay and enable a faster return to normal life. Some of the procedures that can now be done using microscopic surgery techniques are listed below.

Minimally Invasive Spine Fusion in India, Microdiscectomy in India, Microlaminectomy in India, Microscopic Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy in India, etc.

Spinal fusion may relieve symptoms of many back conditions, including:

  • Degenerative disk disease
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Fracture
  • Infection
  • Tumor

Spine surgery—whether back or neck surgery—is an advanced treatment option for pain and disability caused by an identifiable lesion in the patient’s anatomy that has not adequately improved with non-surgical treatments. Although spinal arthritis tends to be chronic, the symptoms are rarely progressive and rarely require surgery on the painful spinal joints. However, surgery may be needed in severe cases, and may include a spine fusion, decompression and/or laminectomy.

Many patients with lower back pain wonder if they will need surgery and if and when they should consult a surgeon. This website reviews a number of symptoms and considerations regarding when it may be advisable to consult with a spine surgeon.

Spine surgeons are physicians who receive special training in the diagnosis and treatment of the spine which include problems with the neck (cervical spine), mid back (thoracic spine) and low back (lumbar spine). We are proud to say that India has produced some of the best world renowned Spinal Surgeons and our associated Senior Spinal Surgeons working for their respective JCI Accredited Hospital are always eager to extend a supporting helpful hand to your spinal problems...

The latest techniques like Minimally invasive spine surgery, Expandable devices for Lumbar Spine Fusion are routinely carried out with results at par with the best centers globally.

Minimal Invasive spine surgery involves

  • use of very small incisions,
  • minimal muscle retraction,
  • less normal tissue damage
  • targeted treatment of pathology.


  • Many surgeries are done under local anesthesia, hence surgeries can be done even in patients with high risk of anesthesia.
  • There is less blood loss.
  • minimal morbidity.
  • Patient can be mobilized very early and he can be back to work faster.
  • It prevents complications associated with prolonged bed rest.

Spine/Spinal Surgery India - Key Advantages:

Academic excellence of spine specialists in India: Leading medical schools in India offer a distinct specialisation in spine surgery, and further sub-specialisations as well. Spine surgeons in India have brilliant academic qualifications, many with further training in the best institutions in USA, UK, Japan and Korea. Indian doctors find global acceptance and constitute between 15 to 30% of practising doctors in countries like UK and USA.

High success rate of spine/spinal surgeries in India: Success rate for spine/spinal surgeries in India at leading hospitals is outstanding and on par with global benchmarks

Spine surgeons in India have great experience: With over a billion people, India offers the world's second-largest pool of patients. With a significant percentage of the population suffering from spine disorders, spine specialists in India quickly acquire a great deal of experience, both in terms of number of procedures performed as well as the range of procedures.

Spine hospitals in India offer high-quality investigations and imaging: Spine Hospitals in India offer state of the art investigations through the use of Neuro-Navigation, Computerised Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) , C arm for image guided surgery, advanced computerized image guidance system, etc.

Spine specialists in India use world-class technology and infrastructure for surgeries: Spine Hospitals in India have dedicated neurosurgical theatres, which are specially equipped for all types of neurosurgical operations. They have laminar air flow system and are equipped with ceiling mounted operating microscopes that provide enhanced imaging, still photography and video recording facilities. Residual tumors, haemorrhage etc. can all be visualised leading to more effective and safer surgeries.

Affordable spine/spinal surgery in India: India's best spine/spinal surgery hospitals offer the most advanced spine surgeries at the lowest cost of spine/spinal surgery in India. Typically, spine decompression surgery which costs between US $ 22,000 to 30,000 in the USA will cost approximately US dollars 6000 at a top spine hospital in India. Cost of spine/spinal surgery in India is also significantly cheaper and more successful than comparable hospitals in other medical tourist destinations such as Thailand and Singapore.

No wait list for your spine/spinal surgery in India: Leading spine surgeons in India perform two or three spine surgeries every day. Consequently, there is no waiting list even for the most complex cardiac surgeries in India, even by the best spine surgeons in India.

Since normal tissues are not removed or damaged, post operative pain is less and also there is less chance of failed back syndrome.

Our team of expert Neurologists and Neurosurgeons are supported by the most extensive Neuro-diagnostic and imaging facilities including Asia's most advanced MRI and CT technology. Along with providing general diagnostic X-ray imaging, Wockhardt Brain and Spine Hospital offers you a magnitude of imaging services like EEG, EMG, Sensation 10 CT Scanner, Functional MRI with Spectroscopy, OPMI Multivision etc.

Spine/Spinal Surgery hospitals in India:

Spine/spinal surgery hospitals in India are rated amongst the world's best. Here's why:

World-Class Diagnostics: The best spine/spinal surgery hospitals in India have World-Class Diagnostics, including 3 Tesla MRI, 256 slice CT scan and PET CT scan

Spine Surgery Hospitals in India Have Dedicated Neurosurgery Operating Theatres. These specialised operating theatres are specifically designed for neuro surgeries and have intra--operative electrophysiological monitoring for spinal surgery. They also have special ceiling mounted operating microscopes, with optical tracking system, which provide hugely amplified images of the area being operated. Neuro navigation is taking spine surgeries in India to levels of sophistication that was not possible earlier due to technology limitations. Spine surgeons in India also have access to the latest microsurgical instrumentation and spinal instrumentation. Laminar airflow systems are a standard feature.

Spine/spinal surgery hospitals in India have World-class Neurosurgical and Neuro Anaesthesia Teams: Spine surgeons in India's leading hospitals are well complemented by specialists in neuro anaesthesia. These spine surgeons are experts in the latest surgical techniques as well as the use of modern technology such as endoscopy and neuro navigation.

Dedicated ICU unit for neuro surgery patients: The best spine surgery hospitals in India have special ICU units for neurosurgery patients. With specially trained intensivists, nurse to patient ratio of 1:1 and specialised life-saving equipment, the special units are geared to handle every medical contingency.

FAQ's for Spine Surgery Treatment in India:

Are Spine surgeries in India commonly performed?

Yes. Basic spine procedures are performed at over 2000 hospitals in India. There are about 500 multi-speciality/dedicated neurosurgery hospitals in India which perform highly complex spine surgeries. The best spine surgery hospitals in India perform surgeries and interventions which are as complex as those performed at the best institutions in other parts of the world.

What is the cost of spine/spinal surgery in India?

Spine/spinal surgery cost in India is amongst the lowest in the world. The cost of spine/spinal surgery in India is about 20% of the cost in the USA. The low cost of spine/spinal surgery in India is without any compromise on quality or success rate.

How well qualified are spine surgeons in India?

Leading neurosurgeons and orthopaedic surgeons in India began the process of specialisation in spinal procedures almost four decades ago. Today many of India's medical schools offer specialisation and super specialisation in spinal surgery. Consequently, India has a number of extremely skilled and well-trained spine surgeons.

Some of the most innovative spine surgery techniques have emerged from Japan and Korea, apart from the US and the UK. Many spine surgeons in India have studied and trained as these institutions and now contribute to further innovations in spine surgeries worldwide.

How experienced are surgeons in India at spine surgeries?

Every major hospital in India that offers spine surgeries, has several dedicated and specialised spine surgeons. On account of this specialisation, these spine surgeons in India have acquired a great deal of experience in handling a range of spine disorders.

Today, spine surgeons in India go well beyond conventional procedures and offer cutting edge surgeries in India. For example, neuroendoscopic surgeries, micro-surgeries, innovative procedures for the treatment of scoliosis, etc.

A large number of the spine surgeons at super speciality spine hospitals in India have experience working at leading hospitals not only in India but also abroad. Having learnt the latest techniques abroad, these brain surgeons are able to apply this knowledge on the large number of patients seeking treatment at Indian hospitals.

It is widely known that, by virtue of the significant number of patients they handle, spine hospitals in India enable these specialists to acquire a great deal of surgical experience in the shortest possible time. The end result is that doctors working at Indian hospitals are highly qualified and have great experience at handling a wide range of complex spine surgeries.

Do hospitals have specialised equipment for carrying out investigations prior to brain surgeries in India?

Highly complex spine surgeries in India are performed at the best multi-faculty or super speciality neurosurgery hospitals. In either case, these institutions have invested in state of the art investigation equipment, for example: State of the art neuro-physiology, 3 Tesla MRI, 256 slice CT scan, PET-CT scan, etc. They also have specialised operating theatres dedicated for neurosurgeries. The operating theatres at the best spine hospitals in India have special equipment for neuroendoscopic procedures, ceiling mounted operating microscopes, optical tracking systems, microsurgical instrumentation, specialised spinal instrumentation, etc

Are the latest innovations in spine/spinal surgery available in India ?

Yes, spine specialists in India are very well connected with global trends in spine surgeries and adept at using these innovations judiciously. For example the use of neuro-navigation in spine surgeries and the use of Shape Metal Alloys, which is the latest in Scoliosis Management.

Do spine/spinal surgery hospitals in India have internationally recognized Quality Certifications?

Yes, hospitals that offer complex brain surgery in India do have formal Quality Certifications recognized internationally.

What are the success rates for spine/spinal surgery in India?

Absolutely world-class. In fact, at the best spine hospitals in India success rates are significantly higher than international benchmarks.

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